Download Book A Source Book in Chemistry, 1400-1900 Full in PDF

A Source Book in Chemistry, 1400-1900

Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN 13: 9780674822306
Page : 578 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (7 users)

Download PDF or read online A Source Book in Chemistry, 1400-1900 Book by Henry Marshall Leicester and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 1952 with total page 578 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : A collection of important writings in the history of chemistry from 1400-1900, each with an introduction by the editors.

Download Book Affinity, That Elusive Dream Full in PDF

Affinity, That Elusive Dream

Publisher : MIT Press
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ISBN 13: 9780262257848
Page : 634 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (4 users)

Download PDF or read online Affinity, That Elusive Dream Book by Mi Gyung Kim and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2008-01-25 with total page 634 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : In the eighteenth century, chemistry was transformed from an art to a public science. Chemical affinity played an important role in this process as a metaphor, a theory domain, and a subject of investigation. Goethe's Elective Affinities, which was based on the current understanding of chemical affinities, attests to chemistry's presence in the public imagination. In Affinity, That Elusive Dream, Mi Gyung Kim restores chemical affinity to its proper place in historiography and in Enlightenment public culture. The Chemical Revolution is usually associated with Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, who introduced a modern nomenclature and a definitive text. Kim argues that chemical affinity was erased from historical memory by Lavoisier's omission of it from his textbook. She examines the work of many less famous French chemists (including physicians, apothecaries, metallurgists, philosophical chemists, and industrial chemists) to explore the institutional context of chemical instruction and research, the social stratification that shaped theoretical discourse, and the crucial shifts in analytic methods. Apothecaries and metallurgists, she shows, shaped the main theory domains through their innovative approach to analysis. Academicians and philosophical chemists brought about two transformative theoretical moments through their efforts to create a rational discourse of chemistry in tune with the reigning natural philosophy. The topics discussed include the corpuscular (Cartesian) model in French chemistry in the early 1700s, the stabilization of the theory domains of composition and affinity, the reconstruction of French theoretical discourse in the middle of the eighteenth century, the Newtonian languages that plagued the domain of affinity just before the Chemical Revolution, Guyton de Morveau's program of affinity chemistry, Lavoisier's reconstruction of the theory domains of chemistry, and Berthollet's path as an affinity chemist.

Download Book Science and Social Status Full in PDF

Science and Social Status

Publisher : Boydell & Brewer
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ISBN 13: 9780851153957
Page : 488 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (5 users)

Download PDF or read online Science and Social Status Book by David J. Sturdy and published by Boydell & Brewer. This book was released on 1995 with total page 488 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : This comprehensive survey of the members of France's Academie des Sciences to the 1750s takes up the challenge to search for a way to connect history of science with social and cultural history at the bottom (the level of the scientists) rather than at the top (the level of philosophical debate about science and culture) (T.L. Hankins, In Defence of Biography: the Use of Biography in the History of Science, in History of Science, 17 (1979), 1-16). The book focuses primarily on the academicians themselves; and although it has much to say about the Academie as an institution, it does so in the light of the changing positions which the academicians occupied in the social hierarchy of early modern France. It explores the implications of those changes for the development of the Academie down to the mid-1700s, and it argues that throughout this period the the relationship which the Academie had with the Bourbon regime, and with French society in general, was governed governed to a large extent by the personal circumstances of the academicians.

Download Book From Elements to Atoms Full in PDF

From Elements to Atoms

Publisher : American Philosophical Society
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ISBN 13: 9780871699244
Page : 278 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (49 users)

Download PDF or read online From Elements to Atoms Book by Robert Siegfried and published by American Philosophical Society. This book was released on 2002 with total page 278 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis :

Download Book Spotlight Science Teacher Support Pack 7: Framework Edition Full in PDF

Spotlight Science Teacher Support Pack 7: Framework Edition

Publisher : Nelson Thornes
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ISBN 13: 0748774750
Page : 862 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (747 users)

Download PDF or read online Spotlight Science Teacher Support Pack 7: Framework Edition Book by Keith Johnson and published by Nelson Thornes. This book was released on 2014-11 with total page 862 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : This Framework Edition Teacher Support Pack offers comprehensive support and guidance.

Download Book The Mind Has No Sex? Full in PDF

The Mind Has No Sex?

Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN 13: 9780674576254
Page : 372 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (5 users)

Download PDF or read online The Mind Has No Sex? Book by Londa Schiebinger and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 1991 with total page 372 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : A reexamination of the origins of modern science; discovers a forgotten heritage of women scientists and probes the cultural and historical forces that continue to shape the course of scientific scholarship and knowledge.

Download Book Plate Tectonics Full in PDF

Plate Tectonics

Publisher : Infobase Publishing
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ISBN 13: 1438109687
Page : 305 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (96 users)

Download PDF or read online Plate Tectonics Book by Jon Erickson and published by Infobase Publishing. This book was released on 2014-05-14 with total page 305 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : Plate Tectonics, Revised Edition fully explains the theory that provides a single guiding principle to the earth's geological history.

Download Book Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720 Full in PDF

Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720

Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
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ISBN 13: 9780313308277
Page : 450 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (76 users)

Download PDF or read online Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720 Book by Christopher Baker and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2002 with total page 450 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : Profiles important figures from the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a period of transition between the old world and the modern world.

Download Book History of Shock Waves, Explosions and Impact Full in PDF

History of Shock Waves, Explosions and Impact

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13: 3540304215
Page : 1288 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (42 users)

Download PDF or read online History of Shock Waves, Explosions and Impact Book by Peter O. K. Krehl and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008-09-24 with total page 1288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : This unique and encyclopedic reference work describes the evolution of the physics of modern shock wave and detonation from the earlier and classical percussion. The history of this complex process is first reviewed in a general survey. Subsequently, the subject is treated in more detail and the book is richly illustrated in the form of a picture gallery. This book is ideal for everyone professionally interested in shock wave phenomena.

Download Book The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake: Revisited Full in PDF

The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake: Revisited

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13: 1402086091
Page : 597 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (86 users)

Download PDF or read online The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake: Revisited Book by Luiz Mendes-Victor and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008-10-14 with total page 597 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : The 1755 earthquake and tsunami were influential not only in Portugal but in all European and North African countries where the devastating effects were felt. The entire world was deeply impressed and the discussion of its causes generated a large amount of scientific and metaphysical speculation. It inspired philosophers, poets and writers. The socio-economic consequences of the event were great and affected the future organization and development of Portugal. The possibility of a similar occurence urges society and the scientific community to reflect on its lessons. Audience This work is of interest to experts in seismology, earthquake engineering, civil protection, urban planning and it is a reference book for doctoral students.

Download Book Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Full in PDF

Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections

Publisher :
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ISBN 13:
Page : 1254 pages
Rating : 4.:/5 (32 users)

Download PDF or read online Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Book by and published by . This book was released on 1893 with total page 1254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis :

Download Book Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809 Full in PDF

Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809

Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 13: 1317168062
Page : 196 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (68 users)

Download PDF or read online Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809 Book by Jonathan Simon and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-04-08 with total page 196 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : This book explores the history of pharmacy in France and its relationship to the discipline of chemistry as it emerged at the beginning of the nineteenth century. It argues that an appreciation of the history of pharmacy is essential to a full understanding of the constitution of modern science, in particular the discipline of chemistry. As such, it provides a novel interpretation of the chemical revolution (c.1770-1789) that will, no doubt, generate much debate on the place of the chemical arts in this story, a question that has hitherto lacked sufficient scholarly reflection. Furthermore, the book situates this analysis within the broader context of the French Revolution, arguing that an intimate and direct link can be drawn between the political upheavals and our vision of the chemical revolution. The story of the chemical revolution has usually been told by focusing on the small group of French chemists who championed Lavoisier's oxygen theory, or else his opponents. Such a perspective emphasises competing theories and interpretations of critical experiments, but neglects the challenging issue of who could be understood as practising chemistry in the eighteenth century. In contrast, this study traces the tradition of pharmacy as a professional pursuit that relied on chemical techniques to prepare medicines, and shows how one of the central elements of the chemical revolution was the more or less conscious disassociation of the new chemistry from this ancient chemical art.

Download Book A Select Bibliography of Chemistry, 1492-1892 Full in PDF

A Select Bibliography of Chemistry, 1492-1892

Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 13:
Page : 1212 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (33 users)

Download PDF or read online A Select Bibliography of Chemistry, 1492-1892 Book by Henry Carrington Bolton and published by . This book was released on 1893 with total page 1212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis :

Download Book The Transmutations of Chymistry Full in PDF

The Transmutations of Chymistry

Publisher : University of Chicago Press
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ISBN 13: 022670081X
Page : 504 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (8 users)

Download PDF or read online The Transmutations of Chymistry Book by Lawrence M. Principe and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2020-10-09 with total page 504 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : This book reevaluates the changes to chymistry that took place from 1660 to 1730 through a close study of the chymist Wilhelm Homberg (1653–1715) and the changing fortunes of his discipline at the Académie Royale des Sciences, France’s official scientific body. By charting Homberg’s remarkable life from Java to France’s royal court, and his endeavor to create a comprehensive theory of chymistry (including alchemical transmutation), Lawrence M. Principe reveals the period’s significance and reassesses its place in the broader sweep of the history of science. Principe, the leading authority on the subject, recounts how Homberg’s radical vision promoted chymistry as the most powerful and reliable means of understanding the natural world. Homberg’s work at the Académie and in collaboration with the future regent, Philippe II d’Orléans, as revealed by a wealth of newly uncovered documents, provides surprising new insights into the broader changes chymistry underwent during, and immediately after, Homberg. A human, disciplinary, and institutional biography, The Transmutations of Chymistry significantly revises what was previously known about the contours of chymistry and scientific institutions in the early eighteenth century.

Download Book Alchemy and Chemistry in the 16th and 17th Centuries Full in PDF

Alchemy and Chemistry in the 16th and 17th Centuries

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13: 9401107785
Page : 215 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (77 users)

Download PDF or read online Alchemy and Chemistry in the 16th and 17th Centuries Book by P. Rattansi and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-03-07 with total page 215 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : The present volume owes its ongm to a Colloquium on "Alchemy and Chemistry in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries", held at the Warburg Institute on 26th and 27th July 1989. The Colloquium focused on a number of selected themes during a closely defined chronological interval: on the relation of alchemy and chemistry to medicine, philosophy, religion, and to the corpuscular philosophy, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The relations between Medicina and alchemy in the Lullian treatises were examined in the opening paper by Michela Pereira, based on researches on unpublished manuscript sources in the period between the 14th and 17th centuries. It is several decades since the researches of R.F. Multhauf gave a prominent role to Johannes de Rupescissa in linking medicine and alchemy through the concept of a quinta essentia. Michela Pereira explores the significance of the Lullian tradition in this development and draws attention to the fact that the early Paracelsians had themselves recognized a family resemblance between the works of Paracelsus and Roger Bacon's scientia experimentalis and, indeed, a continuity with the Lullian tradition.

Download Book Early Modern Cartesianisms Full in PDF

Early Modern Cartesianisms

Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0190495227
Page : 393 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (952 users)

Download PDF or read online Early Modern Cartesianisms Book by Tad M. Schmaltz and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 393 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt/synopsis : There is a general sense that the philosophy of Descartes was a dominant force in early modern thought. Since the work in the nineteenth century of French historians of Cartesian philosophy, however, there has been no fully contextualized comparative examination of the various receptions of Descartes in different portions of early modern Europe. This study addresses the need for a more current understanding of these receptions by considering the different constructions of Descartes's thought that emerged in the Calvinist United Provinces (Netherlands) and Catholic France, the two main centers for early modern Cartesianism, during the period dating from the last decades of his life to the century or so following his death in 1650. It turns out that we must speak not of a single early modern Cartesianism rigidly defined in terms of Descartes's own authorial intentions, but rather of a loose collection of early modern Cartesianisms that involve a range of different positions on various sets of issues. Though more or less rooted in Descartes's somewhat open-ended views, these Cartesianisms evolved in different ways over time in response to different intellectual and social pressures. Chapters of this study are devoted to: the early modern Catholic and Calvinist condemnations of Descartes and the incompatible Cartesian responses to these; conflicting attitudes among early modern Cartesians toward ancient thought and modernity; competing early modern attempts to combine Descartes's views with those of Augustine; the different occasionalist accounts of causation within early modern Cartesianism; and the impact of various forms of early modern Cartesianism on both Dutch medicine and French physics.